Nearly every product intended for children under age 12 that will be sold in the U.S. is affected by CPSIA. This can include used and vintage products. The U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) will allow thrift stores to dodge lead testing on their current inventories, but still highly recommends that they not sell products that are likely to contain high levels of lead, and still maintains that selling those products is not legal per CPSIA.
CPSIA Requires Testing for Harmful ChemicalsThe testing required by CPSIA must be done by third party laboratories, and as of now, is required to be unit testing. This means that one product of each model or style must be tested in its entirety. For small companies, unit testing may present some problems - not only does the testing destroy one item from a potentially small inventory, the testing is also expensive if the business doesn't have the sales to offset the cost.
Some small businesses are currently petitioning CPSC to allow component testing, which would allow them to test their input materials once before using them in several products, therefore saving some money and time on testing. CPSC recently announced that natural wool cotton, wood, and other untreated, completely natural substances do not require lead testing as long as they are untreated.
CPSIA requires that children's products not contain more than 600 ppm of lead. In 2010, that number will decrease to a stricter 300 ppm level. Some exceptions are possible if it can be proved that the lead in the product is not accessible to the child, and can't be accessed even if the product is abused. The act also reduces the allowable amount of lead in surface paints and coatings to 90 ppm from the current level of 600 ppm.
Six different types of phthalates are currently banned by CPSIA. Toys, child care products and items that can reasonably be expected to go in a child's mouth cannot contain more than .1 percent of BBP, DEHP, DBP, DIDP, DINP or DNOP. The latter three are actually an interim ban until CPSC makes a final ruling on whether or not to officially include them in the ban.
Other CPSIA RequirementsCPSIA has a number of other safety regulations that affect baby and toddler products. The act requires that "durable nursery products" such as cribs, strollers and stationary entertainers to have product registration cards that can be used in case of recalls. CPSC is asked to take another look at voluntary safety standards on these products and potentially make stronger federal regulations for them. CPSIA puts a strong emphasis on crib safety, making it illegal not only to manufacture or sell cribs that don't meet federal safety standards, but also illegal to provide them for use, such as at a hotel or day care.
CPSIA also has some requirements on how manufacturers, distributors and retailers advertise products that may contain small parts that could be a choking hazard. The act provides for a searchable online database of recalls, safety information and reports of product incidents that caused injury.